ITP (Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura) is an Auto-Immune disease, which causes body’s own Immune system to kill its own Platelets (Also called Thrombocytes). Antigens present on Platelets Surface Stimulate an Immune response (such as The Lymphocytes produce Antibodies which then attack The Platelets Itself!). Platelets perform the function of clotting of the blood and eventually stop the bleeding after an injury. Now, let us talk a bit on ‘Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura causes’.
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‘Purpura’ are rashes on the skin due thinning of the blood, which has leaked out from the blood capillaries. The term ‘Idiopathic’ is suggestive of the fact that the cause is or remains unknown for the ailment. Still, Causes for ITP (Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura) or resulting abnormally low numbers of Platelets in the body could be due a “Poor Lifestyle-Eating Habits-Dietary Deficiency (Iron-Vitamin-B12 Deficiency)”, “Microbial Infection (Viral-Bacterial-More), “Medical Conditions such as Aplastic Anaemia, Enlarged Spleen, Cancers, HIV etc.” or “Side Effect of some Medication (Such as Antibiotics)”. ITP could be Acute or Chronic, depending if it has been less than or more than 6 months. Normal platelet count of a healthy adult is 150,000 to 450,000 per Micro-litre of Blood. Having more Platelets than this is a Condition ‘Thrombocytosis’ & having Platelets below this is a Condition ‘Thrombocytopenia’. A Routine Blood Test CBC (Complete Blood Count) would give The Platelet Count (& Much More…).
Corresponding severe decrement of platelets would/could lead to internal haemorrhage, and could be fatal.
Bone Marrow examination would reveal whether such low platelet count has resulted due too little production of platelets or too much destruction of same.
(Now, a bit on our Spleen: It consists of Red Pulp, White Pulp and more. The functions would be: Formation of RBC’s (Erythrocytes) (in specific health condition), Ridding RBC’s of the waste materials, Storage site for Iron, RBC’s, Platelets and more (The Iron metabolism provides protection against Bacterial Infections), Storage and Development site for WBC’s, Phagocytosis (Engulfing and Killing) of circulating microorganisms in the body and so on…).
Few Symptoms are: Purpura (Bruises-Due Thinning of Blood), Blood Spots on Upper-Epidermal Layers of Skin, Bleeding from Gums-Nostrils, Blood in Urine-Stools, Menorrhagia (Anyway, Females are more prone to this disease), Intracranial Haemorrhage…
Ayurvedically, Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura is Purely a Raqta-Pitta Vitiation-Disorder. The Raqta Vaha Srotas (Channels) to and from Yakrut (Liver) & Pleeha (Spleen) are functioning abnormally (Due, say Inflammation, Constriction of inner spaces of Channels). Pitta Aggravating Habits (Anger, Stress, Excess Hot-Spicy-Sour (Heavy)-Pungent Foods, Foods with Carcinogenic Preservatives…) are then the prominent causes for this ailment.