Identifying Diseases

Identifying Diseases involves various Steps taken in a scientific manner such as:

  1. Seven things to be confirmed by a physician, for Diagnosis of a disease:
  • Strength of cause: How severe is the cause,
  • Dosha: Prominence of ‘Vata’, Pitta’, and ‘Kapha’,
  • Dushyas: The state of wastes in the body (Urine, Stool, Sweat),
  • Constitution: The status of Dhatus (Blood, Plasma, Fat, Marrow…),
  • Place: The place a person lives (Different places affect the Doshic Balance differently, like a very dry and breezy place, people may be found to have high ‘Vata’,
  • Time: Which time of the day the symptoms are most prominent, like ‘Kapha’ is prominent during morning hours,
  • Symptoms: What a patient is complaining of…
  1. Ashtasthana Parikhsa (Examination of the Eight Seats):
  • Akriti Parikhsa or examination of general appearance: A thin (Vata), agile (Pitta) or Obese (Kapha) body,
  • Shabda or voice examination: Vata vitiation would render hoarse & rough voice, Pitta vitiation would render the voice to crack or stammer and Kapha vitiation would render the voice heavy,
  • Netra or eyes examination: Such as dry eyes signify Vata vitiation; Red or Yellow eye Photophobia signify Pitta Vitiation and watery eyes with discharge signify Kapha vitiation,
  • Sparsha or skin examination: Aggravation of Doshas in their natural seats including GI Tract render an unhealthy skin. Rough & Dry skin signifies Vata vitiation, Yellowish-Hot skin signifies Pitta vitiation & a cold-wet skin with plenty of hair signify Kapha vitiation,
  • Mutra or urine examination: Colour, viscosity of urine etc. are considered here,
  • Purisha or stool examination: Hard & dry stool signifies Vata vitiation; Thin & yellow stool signifies Pitta vitiation and The one which is mucous with/without discharge would signify Kapha vitiation,
  • Nadi or pulse examination: An expert science out of reach of most in modern times,
  • Jivha or tongue examination: Dry, rough & cracked tongue would signify Vata vitiation [Cracked tongue also signifies pain in the body]; a red tongue would signify Pitta vitiation and a white coated tongue signifies Kapha vitiation/AMA build up in the body. Finally, a pink-Clean Tongue indicates a Healthy Body. 
  1. Knowing The Nature of a Disease:
  • Nidana (Etiology-Etymology, Study of Cause-Origin of Disease): Diseases are caused by Derangement (Vitiation or Diminution) of Doshas. The Disease happens due Excessive, Insufficient or Improper use of:
  • The Senses: Unwholesome contact of senses with objects.
  • Actions: Relates to body, speech and mind, and includes Conduct, Urge, Posture, Concern, Emotions, Thoughts, Decisions…
  • Seasonal Factors: Covered in Detail elsewhere…
  • Purvarupa: Un-manifested symptoms, which are predominant, before the onset of disease, and will eventually progress onto a disease,
  • Rupa (Signs and Symptoms): Visible signs/symptoms of disease,
  • Upasaya (Therapeutic Suitability): Suitable use of drugs, diet and behaviours (such as to see if they would Pacify or Aggravate a condition),
  • Samaprapti (Pathogenesis, or, The Progression of a Disease): Few further subdivision are:
  • Samkhya (Number): There are 8 types of Fevers, 5 types of Gulma (cysts, tumours etc.), 7 Leprosies… The Physician tries to ascertain here which type of a fever a person is afflicted from…
  • Vikalpa: The strength/weakness of various Doshas,
  • Balakala: Aggravation (of disease) is related to predominance of place, season, day/night, method of food intake (You take food standing/walking regularly, no power on this Earth can save you from getting sick; or if you have this suicidal habit of taking litres of water with / right after your food, no power can save you from acidosis, uric acid, gastritis etc.!)
  • Site of Origin: The Site of Origin could either be AMASAYA (Stomach), or PAKWASAYA (Colon).

The above information is not a Medico-Legal advice. The information above is not intended to diagnose-treat-cure… any disease and you may use the above information at any/which way at your own risk and with own responsibility. 

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