Macro-Nutrients – Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are Composed of Carbon, Hydrogen & Oxygen and are viewed as Polyhydroxyl (Many OH Ions), Aldehydes (-CHO Groups) and Ketones (Composed of R-CO-R). The ‘Digestive Part of Carbohydrates’ are broken down by our Digestive System into ‘Sugar’ which then enters ‘The Blood’. Carbohydrates are also called saccharides and are of the following types:

  1. Sugars (Small Molecules) (or Simple carbohydrates) which are Monosaccharides (Fructose & Glucose) & Disaccharides (Sucrose),
  2. Polysaccharides (Very Large Molecules) such as Starch & Cellulose.

Carbohydrates are simply the source or store of energy (Glucose in case of Humans & Starch in case of Plants). Carbohydrates form the Molecules in The Human Body such as DNA, RNA, Glycolipids, Glycoproteins, ATP.

The Sequence of Action is: We Eat => Blood Sugar Levels Rise => Pancreas Secrete Insulin => Cells Absorb Blood Sugar for Energy Production-Storage => As Cells absorb Blood Sugar => Sugar Levels in Blood Plasms Falls => Pancreas Make-Secrete Glucagon (Hormone-Signalling Liver to Release Stored Sugar) – This Cycle is what is responsible for Maintaining Optimum Blood Sugar levels at all Times.

The mal-functioning of The above Stated Carbohydrate Metabolism is what is responsible for The Type-2 Diabetes.

Fructose, Sucrose & Glucose are the simplest form of sugars. Now, our tongue won’t be able to tell much of a difference amongst the three but due ‘Bad Chemical Processing’, Body would react differently to the Three Sugars. Use of Fructose-Glucose has been handled well in a Video where I have covered the benefits of fructose and dangers of using glucose.

Jaggery or Gur is the best for of Sugar intake that one may have

Many Complex carbohydrates contain Fibres, Vitamins & Minerals, which all take comparatively much longer time to get digested  & do not immediately lead to increase in the Blood Sugar levels.

Effect of Carbohydrates on Blood Sugar is given with the help of Glycaemic Index which is Ranked from 1 – 100.

Finally, Fibres could be:

  1. Soluble (Which Dissolve in Water), which help lower Bad Blood Cholesterol & hence the Blood Sugar Levels. Examples would be Apples, Blue-Berries, Oatmeal, Nuts, Beans & Lentils, and
  2. Insoluble (Which Do Not Dissolve in Water) which aid movement of Food-Stuff through our Digestive System and thus help maintain a good excretory System. Examples would be Peels of Apples-Blueberries-Grapes, Wheat, Brown Rice, Legumes, Carrots, Cucumbers, Tomatoes & so on…

Have good Fibre Intake in your Diet and Stay Away from Constipation, Digestive-Abdominal System Disorders (Haemorrhoids, Kidney Ailments, Diabetes…), Heart Ailments & many Types of Cancers (Though research Reports for other types of ailments is mentioned, this staying away from Cancers could be largely termed My Opinion!).

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