Macro-Nutrients – Proteins

What are Proteins-DRV?

These are complex molecules, carry on Cellular Processes and are required for Structure, Function, and Regulation of the body’s Tissues and Organs (Including Growth & Repair).

Proteins are formed as large number of Smaller Molecules (Amino Acids) combine with each other to form Large Chains.

Specific Proteins (With Unique 3-D Structure) are formed-function as to How Various Amino Acids (Upto 20+) combine with each other.

Few Proteins in the Body are:

  • Antibody: These bind to/Destroy Foreign Harmful Pathogens (Viruses-Bacteria) (E.G. Immunoglobulin),
  • Enzymes: Most of the Bio-Chemical Reactions in Human Body are carried out by Enzymes. They also read the Genetic Information of DNA and help formation of new molecules.

Unique Fact: Most Enzymes work best at an approximate temperature of 35 Degrees!

There are very-many enzymes in the body few being…A bit on few of them:

  1. Bromelain: Mixture of Enzymes found in Pine-Apple involved in Digestion of Protein (Proteolytic). Interestingly, Extract of Stem & Fruit (Juice) of Pineapple has been found to be v effective in cases of Indigestion & Swelling-Inflammation after Surgery (Esp. Sinusitis Surgery).
  2. Carnitine (L-Carnitine): Aids in conversion of Fats into Energy. It is made in Liver & Kidneys and is stored in Bones-Muscles-Brain-Heart & Sperm. It too acts as an anti-oxidant in the system.                                             Good Sources are A2 Ghee-Milk, Wheat, Asparagus, Avocados, Peanut (+ Peanut Butter).
  3. Lipase: Helps break down of fats in the body and helps in their absorption in our body. It is formed in enough quantities in our pancreas, Mouth & Stomach (& is not directly found in Dietary Sources). Deficiency may occur due side-effects of medicines or ailments such as Cystic Fibrosis or Crohn Disease and so on…
  • Haemoglobin: Carries Oxygen in our Blood.
  • Messengers: Mostly Hormones coordinating various Bio-Chemical Processes amongst various Body Cells-Organs. Firstly understanding Hormones, Hormones are secreted by Glands (Specialised Type of Cells or Group of Cells – Endocrine Cells) such as to regulate The Body Functions. There are somewhat total of 50 Hormones in The Body. Hormones travel via our Bloodstream to ‘The Target Cells’.

Classifying Hormones, they could be Steroid Hormones (Sex Hormones – Adrenal Gland Hormones), Amino Acid Derivative, Peptide Hormones & Hormones derived from fatty Acids.

Finally Hormones could be Lipid Soluble (Steroid Derived) and Water soluble (Amino Acids & peptide Derived); Fatty Acids Hormones display properties of both.

One of the important and peculiar Adrenal Gland Hormone is Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) which makes Male (Androgens) & Female Hormones (Estrogen).

Another Important Hormone in Our Body is Melatonin, which is Secreted by Pineal Gland, Regulates Other Hormones, Is Body’s Circadian Clock, has Strong Anti-Oxidant Properties, Strengthens Immune System and so on…

  • Structural Components: Assists Body Movements.
  • Various Enzymes (Such as Coenzyme Q10 which Regulates intercellular oxidation – Actually they simply assist Enzymes by Catalysing Specific Reactions) (Enzymes are a type of Protein), Bio-Chemicals also fall under the category of Trace Nutrients.

Found and required for functioning of almost all body arts-organs-tissues such as Muscle, Bone, Skin, Hair etc.

DRV would be 0.8 Grams/Kg of our Body weight, or else 15-25% of Daily Calories should comprise of Proteins.

Deficiency leads To: Growth failure, Loss of Muscle Mass, Decreased immunity, Weakening Heart-Circulatory Functions and so on… Deficiency leads to Kwashiokor.


Plant Sources: Fruits (Water-Melon), Nuts (Peanuts), Vegetables (Broccoli), Grains, Beans, Organic Cereals & Seeds (Esp. Mustard Seeds & Black Sesame Seeds Oil).                                                                                                                 A cup of Lentils has app. 20 Grams of Proteins & 15 Grams of Fibres.

Animal Sources: Oils & Ghee, Milk, Cheese, Curd (Oops! Always go for Butter-Milk) Eggs, Seafood (Fish-Salmon).

Non-Vegetarian Sources would be Fish, Eggs and so on…

An interesting fact (from a study) is that increased intake of red meat increases risk of Type-2 Diabetes many Folds…

Red Meat is very Unhealthy Source of Proteins.

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